Stomach cancer - Types, Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment


Stomach cancer - Types, Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment
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Types, Symptoms, Causes, Stages, & Treatment of Stomach cancer

Gastric cancer is a malady wherein threatening (cancer) cells structure in the covering of the stomach. The stomach is a J-formed organ in the upper mid-region. It is a piece of the stomach related framework, which forms supplements ) in nourishment that is eaten and enables go to squander material out of the body. The mass of the stomach is comprised of 3 layers of tissue: the mucosal (deepest) layer, the muscularis (center) layer, and the serosal (furthest) layer. Gastric cancer starts in the cells coating the mucosal layer and spreads through the external layers as it develops.

Causes of stomach cancer

Having Familial adenomatous polyposis, Helicobacter pylori, Intestinal metaplasia, Chronic gastritis, Pernicious anemia can increase the chances of getting stomach cancer. Other factors that can increase the risks of stomach cancer are Eating high salted foods, Smoking cigarettes, Having a family history, Aging.

Symptoms of stomach cancer

Following are the symptoms of stomach cancer

  • Acid reflux and stomach distress.
  • An enlarged inclination in the wake of eating.
  • Gentle queasiness.
  • Loss of hunger.
  • Acid reflux.
  • Blood in the stool.
  • Weight reduction.
  • Jaundice.

Stages of stomach cancer

Stage 0: In stage 0, irregular cells are found in within covering of the mucosa (deepest layer) of the stomach divider. These strange cells may move toward becoming cancer and spread into adjacent typical tissue. Stage 0 is additionally called carcinoma in situ.

Stage I In stage I, cancer has shaped in within covering of the mucosa (deepest layer) of the stomach divider. Stage I is isolated into stage IA and stage IB, contingent upon where cancer has spread.

Stage IA: Cancer may have spread into the submucosa (layer of tissue by the mucosa) of the stomach divider.

Stage IB: Cancer has spread to the muscle layer of the stomach divider.

Stage II is divided into 3 types

Stage IIA: cancer has spread to the subserosa (layer of tissue beside the serosa) of the stomach divider, or has spread to the muscle layer of the stomach divider and is found in 1 or 2 lymph hubs close to the tumor; or may have spread to the submucosa of the stomach divider and is found in 3 to 6 lymph hubs close to the tumor.

Stage IIB: Cancer has spread to the muscle layer of the stomach divider and is found in 3 to 6 lymph hubs close to the tumor.

Stage III: It has 3 types which are

Stage IIIA: Cancer has spread to the serosa

Stage IIIB: Cancer has spread to: the spleen, transverse colon, liver, stomach, pancreas, kidney, adrenal organ, or small digestive system

Stage IIIC: Cancer has spread to adjacent organs, for example, the spleen, transverse colon, liver, stomach, pancreas, kidney, adrenal organ, or small digestive tract, and might be found in at least 3 lymph hubs close to the tumor; or the serosa of the stomach divider and is found in at least 7 lymph hubs close to the tumor.

Stage IV: cancer has spread to inaccessible pieces of the body.

Treatment of stomach cancer

  • Subtotal gastrectomy
  • Complete gastrectomy
  • Endoluminal stent position
  • Endoluminal laser treatment
  • Gastrojejunostomy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation treatment
  • Chemoradiation
  • Directed treatment

Other Cancer Types

 

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